Dark matter and dark energy are two of the biggest mysteries in the field of astronomy and space science. While they cannot be directly observed, their presence can be inferred through their gravitational effects on visible matter. Dark matter is believed to make up about 85% of the total matter in the universe, and its existence is necessary to explain the observed structure of galaxies and galaxy clusters. Scientists have proposed several candidates for what dark matter might be made of, including weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs).
Dark energy, on the other hand, is believed to be responsible for the accelerating expansion of the universe. Its discovery in the late 1990s was a major breakthrough in our understanding of cosmology, and has led to the development of new models of the universe’s evolution. Despite extensive research, the nature of dark energy remains poorly understood, and scientists continue to investigate its properties.
Efforts to learn more about dark matter and dark energy are ongoing, with experiments such as the Large Hadron Collider and the Dark Energy Survey searching for clues. Proposed future missions, such as the Euclid telescope and the WFIRST mission, hold promise for further breakthroughs in our understanding of these phenomena.
While the mysteries of dark matter and dark energy continue to challenge our understanding of the universe, they also offer exciting possibilities for new technologies and scientific discoveries. By better understanding these enigmatic phenomena, we may unlock new insights into the fundamental nature of the universe and its origins.